Sunday, November 25, 2007

Common Colds

(eng) cold, (fil) sipon, (vis) kataro, (ilonggo) sip-on




OVERVIEW

  • A common cold is an illness caused by a viral infection affecting then nasal passages. Colds may also involve the sinuses, ears and bronchial tubes.



  • runny nose
  • congestion
  • sneezing
  • weakened senses of taste and smell
  • scratchy throat
  • cough



CAUSES
  • Any of at least 200 viruses. Virus particles spread through the air or from person-to-person contact especially hand-shaking.



  • Avoid close contact with people who have a cold, especially during the first few days when they are most likely to spread the infection.
  • Wash hands frequently especially after having contact with an affected person.



  • Essential oils containing menthol and eucalyptus have been traditionally used for the treatment of common cold. Menthol provides relief from nasal congestion by causing a cool sensation in the nose and also relieves the symptoms of sore throat and cough by a local anesthetic action. The antimicrobial activity of essential oils such as menthol may also help to inhibit infection of the airway by pathogenic viruses and bacteria.
  • Lozenges containing Echinacea may help prevent infection by boosting the immune system and prevent the development of cold symptoms.
  • Zinc lozenges may shorten the duration of common cold symptoms by several days. Zinc plays a role in the synthesis of proteins and zinc ions have been shown to inhibit the synthesis of the proteins which form the viral shell.



WHO TO CONSULT

  • General Physician
  • Family Physician


MEDICATIONS
Antitussives (Dextromethrophan)
  • are meant to be used to relieve dry, hacking coughs associated with colds and flu. They should not be used to treat coughs that bring up mucus or the chronic coughs associated with smoking, asthma, emphysema or other lung problems. These should not be given with MAO inhibitors.
Decongestants (phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, pseudoephedrine sulfate, sodium chloride)
  • may be used to provide temporary relief of nasal congestion but use is restricted for less than a week. Prolonged use may cause rebound rhinitis, nervousness, hypertension and insomnia.
    • CI: MAO inhibitors, selegiline and guanethidine
Expectorants (bromhexine, carbocisteine, guaifenesin)
  • are drugs that loosen and clear mucus and phlegm from the respiratory tract. They may bring some relief from symptoms, but there is no evidence that they improve lung function.



REPARATIONS
Prescription Drugs (Rx)

Antitussives
Decolsin Reformulated

Decongestants
Clarinase, Colvan Drops, Nagelin, Nasatapp, Nasathera, Nostero, Propadrin, Rhinase, Rhinotapp

Expectorants/Mucokinetics
Azden GG, Corvec, Harbivron

Other
Ascof



Non-Prescription Drug (non-Rx)
Antitussives
Extendryl DM, Mucutuss, Robitussin DM, Tenmulex, Tuseran, Tuseran Forte/Syrup Reformulated

Decongestants
A-P Histallin, Allerin AH, Allerin reformulated, Bioflu,Coldrex, Colvan Syrup/Capsule, Decolgen Forte, Decolgen No-Drowse, Decolgen Syrup (reformulated), Dimetapp (reformulated), Disudrin, Langex, Myracof-AF, Myracof-T, Neozep Syrup (oral drops), Neozep (forte) , Salinase, Sinutab extra strength, Snif

Expectorants/Mucokinetics
Benadryl Expectorant, Clarituss, Expectorin, Robitussin Softgel Capsule

Other
Transpulmin Balsam

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

nice...kip it up.....godbless

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Even though this is common colds for most of people, this should not be disregarded. Once this becomes severe, it may possibly inflict a very serious damage to a person.